Duties Of Condenser In Cooling System
The refrigerant condenses by throwing heat to the external environment in the condenser. Thus, the gas with high pressure and temperature coming from the compressor (superheated steam) is turned into saturated steam and then saturated liquid at constant pressure.This process takes place on the inside of the pipe, while the fluid on the outside takes out the latent heat of condensation and transports it out.Condensers are designed in different types depending on the application areas.The most important distinction is determined by the fluid that will transfer heat to the outside environment: air or water.In general, the heat transfer properties of water are better than air. Therefore, water-cooled condensers stand out in theory.However, problems such as the availability of water in practice, the water cooling tower, and the water supply requirement, if any, require a re-evaluation of the issue.
There Are Usually Three Different Types Of Condensers:
Air Cooled Condensers
SThe air cooled condenser is the device which compresses the compressor in the refrigeration cycle by taking the heat from the refrigerant vapor which has increased its pressure and temperature and leaves it to the external environment and thus condenses the vapor.
Water Cooled Condenser
Water Cooled Condensers are more integrated than the ones with air. They should be used together with water cooling towers or dry-wet / dry coolers. The hardness of the water necessitates the cleaning of the water side or the prevention of petrification periodically.
Evaporative (Air-Water) Condenser
Evaporative condensers, which are made on the basis of utilizing the cooling effect of air and water, are being used less and less due to their maintenance and service difficulties, their rapid contamination and their availability for frequent failures. Evaporative condensers are usually placed outside the building and on the roof, but air inlet-outlets can also be provided by means of galvanized sheet ducts.
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